Elaine Stritch



Born: February 2, 1925
Detroit, Michigan

Died: July 17, 2014
Birmingham, Michigan

Obituary:Elaine Stritch, the sandpaper-voiced, veteran actress who became as famous for her candid, brash personality as for her forays in the stage and cabaret worlds, died July 17, 2014, at the age of 89 of natural causes.

Hunter Ryan Herdlicka, who co-starred with Ms. Stritch in the Broadway revival of A Little Night Music, confirmed the news to Playbill.com. The actress, according to Herdlicka, died peacefully in her sleep. Stritch's best friend Julie Keyes, who resides in Michigan, told Herdlicka of her passing July 17.

Ms. Stritch came to fame on the Broadway stage when women were still called dames and everyone imbibed socially. She was comfortable with both the moniker and the habit. On stage, she could be counted on for solid performances, but also a knowing, biting sarcasm, a wicked sense of comic timing, and a certain swagger. Off stage, she was known for giving any man a run for his money, whether at drinking, swearing, or speaking her mind.

For someone with such a larger-than-life reputation, she was known for a surprisingly short list of roles. But those roles were the stuff of Broadway legend. In 1952, she performed the comic mock-strip "Zip!" as Melba Snyder in Pal Joey. She was waitress Grace Hoylard opposite Kim Stanley in William Inge's Bus Stop. She played cruise director Mimi Paragon, lamenting "Why Do the Wrong People Travel?" in Noel Coward's 1961 musical Sail Away.

And, most famously, she was the truth-telling, gimlet-eyed, middle-aged seductress Joanne in Stephen Sondheim's 1970 musical Company. Her bitter, hilarious, roaring rendition of the furiously regretful song "The Ladies who Lunch" in that show remains one of the most iconic musical moments in Broadway history, and the stage performance for which she is perhaps best remembered.

Ms. Stritch recounted her memories of these productions and more in her confessional one-woman show Elaine Stritch: At Liberty. The entertainment, directed by George C. Wolfe with a book by John Lahr, began life Off-Broadway at the Public Theater in 2001. A year later, it moved to Broadway for a limited run, winning a Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event. She had previously been nominated for a Tony Award for Bus Stop, Sail Away, Company and the 1996 revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance.

In At Liberty, Ms. Stritch appeared in what became her trademark costume in later years: black tights and a billowing white, button-down shirt, untucked. She spoke of her long struggle with alcoholism, her strict Catholic upbringing, her romances with Marlon Brando, Ben Gazzara and Gig Young, her short-lived marriage to John Bay, who died of 1982; and her professional experiences with Harold Prince, Noel Coward and Kim Stanley. She later toured the country with the show, and performed it in London at the Old Vic. The piece was filmed as a TV documentary in 2002.

Elaine Stritch was born Feb. 2, 1925, in Detroit, MI, into a rich and devout Catholic family. Her uncle was the U.S. Roman Catholic Archbishop, Samuel Cardinal Stritch. She was convent-educated, but proved an incorrigible clown, performing for her parents' friends. After moving to New York, intent on an acting career, she attended the Dramatic Workshop of New York City's New School, working under German director Erwin Piscator of the Berliner Ensemble. She played Feste, the court jester, in a production of As You Like it. One of her fellow students was Brando, who, during a date at his apartment, greeted her in his pajamas. She fled.

She made her Broadway debut in 1944 in a comedy of brief duration called Loco. In her next show, a 1948 revue called Angel in the Wings, she earned attention for her deadpan delivery of a ludicrous comic number called "Civilization." Playing a stereotypical native from the bush, she sang "Bongo Bongo Bongo / I don't wanna leave the jungle / Ohnononono."

Her performance won her the thankless chore of standing by the chronically healthy Ethel Merman in Call Me Madam ("I was 20, I looked 40. I got the job"). Merman repeatedly reminded the young actress to dismiss any hopes she harbored of going on; when she poked her head in Merman's dressing room, Merman would bellow, "Get out of here!" At the same time she was doing Madam, she performed "Zip" on the side in a revival of Pal Joey — an arrangement that caused her to shuttle back and forth between Times Square and a tryout for the Rodgers and Hart musical in New Haven every performance day. (Her entire part in Pal Joey lasted a mere 12 minutes in the second act.) Pal Joey made it to Broadway in 1952.

Though still a pious person (she professed to have kept her virginity until she was 30), she pursued life in New York to the fullest, attending parties and entrancing men. Though not a classic beauty, she possessed a full head of champagne blonde hair, shapely legs and a vivacious personality. She lived with Ben Gazzara for two years in the 1950s and almost married him. She later began seeing film star Gig Young; both drank heavily. In love, they hoped to marry, but the differences in religious background proved too much for the good Catholic girl and the twice-married Protestant.

She was in a revival of On Your Toes directed by George Abbott. She became transfixed by Kim Stanley while acting in Bus Stop. On paper, the 1958 musical Goldilocks looked to be her ticket to leading lady stardom. Directed by Walter Kerr, with a book by Kerr and his wife Jean, and dances by Agnes De Mille, it was produced by Robert Whitehead. But the show closed after 161 performances on Broadway. Noel Coward was impressed with her work, however, and gave her a supporting part in his new musical Sail Away. Two weeks before the show opened, however, her role was combined with another part in the story, thus making Ms. Stritch the lead in the show. It didn't run much longer than Goldilocks, but she was praised by critics and was the only actor in the cast nominated for a Tony Award.

Soon after, she entered the cast of Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, taking over from Uta Hagen a part particularly well-suited to her talents and personality: the hard-drinking, tough-talking Martha. She did not work on Broadway again until Company, seven years later. She turned down the Stephen Sondheim musical Anyone Can Whistle to go on the road with a play called Time of the Barracuda, which flopped and closed out of town. She was so despondent that she left the theatre for a year and instead tended bar at Elaine's, the famed Upper West Side watering hole.

The producers of Company, worried about her erratic, irresponsible behavior, had her behavior closely monitored during the weeks prior to the opening. She moved into the Chelsea Hotel to concentrate on the assignment. "No stuff, no memorabilia. Just my script, clean white sheets, clean towels and me."

In a later documentary about the making of the cast album of Company, she was the star, messing up take after take of "The Ladies Who Lunch," and laughing at her mistakes. "Elaine is incapable of lying," said Harold Prince. "And she's perfect for this show because she is as innocent as she is acerbic." Lee Strasberg put it another way. Once, when she went to the Actors Studio for a tune-up, he just waved her away with "Elaine, you were born with The Method."

She went on perform Company in London. She later performed there in a Tennessee Williams play opposite actor John Bay. Ms. Stritch soon proposed to him and they married. They lived at the Savoy Hotel, where the actress was given a good rate. The couple stayed married for ten years until his death.

Alcohol dogged Ms. Stritch most of her life. She said she took her first drink when she was 13, a whiskey sour given to her by her father, an executive at B.F. Goodrich. She continued to abuse drink to combat insecurities and stage fright. Ms. Stritch said for most of her professional career, she never stepped on stage with having a drink first.

During a run at the Huntington Hartford Theatre in L.A., to get around a producer's prohibition against alcohol backstage, she had a special bottle of Champagne sent to herself from a different admirer every night. In the 1970s, she became diabetic. Finally, in 1988, after a day of filming Woody Allen's "September," she had a diabetic attack outside the door of her room at the Carlyle Hotel. A minibar waiter who happened to be on her floor gave her a Pepsi, saving her life. After that, she gave up drinking.

She had less success on film. Among her few notable credits were "Who Killed Teddy Bear?," Woody Allen's "September," "Cocoon: The Return" and "Monster-in-Law." She was, however, star of the British sitcom "Two's Company" for four years in the late '70s, during the time when she was married to Bay and was living in London. The DVD release of the sitcom (co-starring Donald Sinden) offers a rare up-close look at her qualities: focused and listening, she is intently processing each moment, making her responses seem utterly of the moment rather than (the sitcom staple) canned.

Ms. Stritch was also the original Trixie in one episode of "The Honeymooners." She reportedly lost the role of Dorothy on "The Golden Girls" by improvising profanity into the script during her audition.

In recent years, she made the Carlyle Hotel her home, living in the same room she and her late husband John Bay would stay in when they visited New York: Room 309. "I'm a hotel baby, absolutely," she said. "It's hard to think of a hotel I haven't stayed in."

"When you're getting on in years it's wonderful," she said of the Carlyle. "I think it's the wrong way around to say when you get older move to the country. I think when you get older you move to New York. If you're a nice broad they'll look after you."

Her last Broadway appearance was in the revival of Stephen Sondheim's A Little Night Music, when she and Bernadette Peters stepped into the production, replacing, respectively, Angela Lansbury and Catherine Zeta-Jones.

In 2013, Ms. Stritch decided to retire from showbiz and move back to Michigan to be near her family. She gave a series of farewell appearances at the Cafe Carlyle. Despite this seeming exit from the limelight, the press continued to cover her every move and quote her salty remarks, and she apparently relished the attention. A documentary about her life entitled "Shoot Me" was released in 2013.

"I’d like to discover life," she told the New York Times, of her quiet last act. "Quite frankly I don’t know how to be happy. I have not a clue. I only serve — and I don’t say that with any grandeur. I just serve others through entertaining. That’s when I am happy. I’m not just delighted with myself when I’m entertaining, but I’m happier than when I’m not."



Twitter: @ElaineStritch



Playbill Cover - A Little Night Music A Little Night Music
Dec. 13, 2009 - Jan. 9, 2011
Madame Armfeldt
Jul. 13, 2010 - Jan. 9, 2011
Playbill Cover - The 56th Annual Tony Awards - 2002 The 56th Annual Tony Awards - 2002
Jun. 2, 2002 - Jun. 2, 2002
Participating Artist Performer
Playbill Cover - Elaine Stritch at Liberty Elaine Stritch at Liberty
Feb. 21, 2002 - May 26, 2002
    Script Reconstruction
Playbill Cover - A Delicate Balance A Delicate Balance
Apr. 21, 1996 - Sep. 29, 1996
Claire Performer
Who's Who
Playbill Cover - Show Boat Show Boat
Oct. 2, 1994 - Jan. 5, 1997
Parthy Ann Hawks Performer
Apr. 11, 1993 - Apr. 12, 1993
Joanne Performer
Playbill Cover - Love Letters Love Letters
Oct. 31, 1989 - Jan. 21, 1990
Melissa Gardner Performer
Playbill Cover - Company Company
Apr. 26, 1970 - Jan. 1, 1972
Joanne Performer
Who's Who
Playbill Cover - Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Oct. 13, 1962 - May 16, 1964
Martha [at matinee performances]
Apr. 24, 1963
Playbill Cover - Sail Away Sail Away
Oct. 3, 1961 - Feb. 24, 1962
Mimi Paragon Performer
Oct. 11, 1958 - Feb. 28, 1959
Maggie Harris Performer
The Sin of Pat Muldoon
Mar. 13, 1957 - Mar. 16, 1957
Gertrude Muldoon Performer
Playbill Cover - Bus Stop Bus Stop
Mar. 2, 1955 - Apr. 21, 1956
Grace Hoylard Performer
Playbill Cover - On Your Toes On Your Toes
Oct. 11, 1954 - Dec. 4, 1954
Peggy Porterfield Performer
Playbill Cover - Pal Joey Pal Joey
Jan. 3, 1952 - Apr. 18, 1953
Melba Snyder Performer
Playbill Cover - Call Me Madam Call Me Madam
Oct. 12, 1950 - May 3, 1952
Mrs. Sally Adams Standby
Playbill Cover - Yes, M'Lord Yes, M'Lord
Oct. 4, 1949 - Dec. 18, 1949
June Farrell Performer
Playbill Cover - Angel in the Wings Angel in the Wings
Dec. 11, 1947 - Sep. 4, 1948
Ingabord Performer
    Little Nettie Performer
    Lula Belle Performer
    Milly Performer
    Singer Performer
Playbill Cover - Made in Heaven Made in Heaven
Oct. 24, 1946 - Jan. 11, 1947
Miss Crowder Performer
Playbill Cover - Loco Loco
Oct. 16, 1946 - Nov. 16, 1946
Pamela Brewster Performer

Videos (3)


Inside the Playbill (3)

See more Who's Who


Drama Desk Award

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
2002 Outstanding Book of a Musical Elaine Stritch at Liberty Winner
2002 Outstanding Solo Performance Elaine Stritch at Liberty Winner
1996 Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play A Delicate Balance Winner
1995 Outstanding Actress in a Musical Show Boat Nominee

New York Drama Critics' Circle

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
2002 Special Citation Elaine Stritch at Liberty Winner

Outer Critics Circle

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
2002 Outstanding Solo Performance Elaine Stritch at Liberty Winner

Tony Award

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
2002 Special Theatrical Event Elaine Stritch at Liberty Winner
1996 Actress in a Play A Delicate Balance Nominee
1971 Actress in a Musical Company Nominee
1962 Actress in a Musical Sail Away Nominee
1956 Featured Actress in a Play Bus Stop Nominee
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