Julie Harris

Julie Harris


Born: December 2, 1925
Grosse Pointe, Michigan

Died: August 24, 2013
West Chatham, Massachusetts

Obituary: Julie Harris, a towering figure of the American theatre in the decades following World War II, who created several iconic stage roles — collecting five Tony Awards along the way — died Aug. 24 2013 in West Chatham, MA. The cause was congestive heart failure. She was 87.

Though she had a handful of significant film parts — including a lead in "East of Eden," in which she played opposite James Dean, and "A Member of the Wedding," where she repeated her stage triumph, and was nominated for an Oscar — Harris was nearly wholly a creature of the stage, the last of a breed that once included Helen Hayes, Jessica Tandy and Katharine Cornell. She worked tirelessly, and, even late in life, toured with her shows — something few actresses of her stature rarely did. Director-writer Harold Clurman, who directed her, captured both her unglamorous persona as well as her dedication to her art when he described her as "a nun whose church is the stage."

She won the Tony as lead actress in a play five times, a record that has stood for many years. Her wins were for John Van Druten's I Am a Camera, in which she was the first actress to create Christopher Isherwood's Sally Bowles on stage; The Lark, Jean Anouilh's rendition of the Joan of Arc story; the romantic comedy Forty Carats; The Last of Mrs. Lincoln, in which she played the title role; and The Belle of Amherst, where she portrayed poet Emily Dickinson. She was nominated five additional times. She also won a Lifetime Achievement Tony Award in 2002.

The Belle of Amherst, staged in 1976, was one of many solo plays that Harris favored in the latter half of her career. These were typically centered on a significant historical figure and included Lucifer's Child, about the Danish author Isak Dinesen. Very often, critics observed, her performances outshone the material.

Harris' acting was regularly praised for its honesty, amination and immediacy. Physically unprepossessing, with a delicate frame and plain features ("Pictures make me look like a twelve-year-old boy who flunked his body-building course," she said), she nonetheless radiated intensity and magnetism, aided greatly by a near musical, flutey voice. She was at her best characters who were simultaneously strong, yet helpless, keenly pursuing their desires but rarely attaining them.

A stroke in 2001 slowed down Harris' productivity. She suffered a second stroke in 2010.

Julie Ann Harris was born on Dec. 2, 1925, in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, the daughter of Elsie L. (née Smith), a nurse, and William Pickett Harris, a wealthy investment banker. She grew up in a world of privilege, and her theatre-loving parents took her to each touring show that passed through Detroit. Her mother hoped she would enter society, but she declined, settling on acting as her future. Upon moving to New York City, she attended The Hewitt School.

She made her Broadway debut in the 1945 comedy It's a Gift. Over the next five years, she was constantly employed, playing in a collection of classics by Shakespeare, Sophocles and Synge. For one of these plays, the short-lived Sundown Beach in 1949 (directed by Elia Kazan, who would later cast her in "East of Eden"), she won her first of many accolades: A Theatre World Award.

It wasn't until The Member of the Wedding, Carson McCullers' poignant tale of three forlorn Southern isolates, that Harris really began to draw attention. In it, she played Frankie Addams, a tomboyish, painfully lonely, virtually parent-less 12-year-old who dreams of going away with her brother, who is marrying. Her co-stars were Ethel Waters and a young Brandon de Wilde. Between them, they cast a spell that bewitched critics, leading the production to run for more than 500 performances. All three actors repeated their parts in the 1952 film version of the play — Harris' screen debut.

Harris followed up that success with one of her biggest triumphs. In I Am a Camera, she played Sally Bowles, the hapless but hopeful singer in Weimer Germany. Though Bowles would become better known to the American public through the musical Cabaret and its subsequent film, John van Druten's version was theatregoers' first glimpse of the character as a stage being, and the part solidified Harris' stardom.

"In some elusive way," wrote Brooks Atkinson in the New York Times, "Miss Harris manages to act the part almost as if Sally were a disembodied spirit unrelated to the world, the theatre of Miss Harris." Atkinson added that her performance confirmed his belief that "Miss Harris can play anything."

Once again, she repeated the role on film, in 1955, opposite Laurence Harvey. The movie was poorly received, though, and personally disliked by Isherwood.

The actress' seemingly unbeatable critical hot streak continued in 1955 with The Lark, Lillian Hellmann's adaptation of Anouilh's contemporary tale of Joan of Arc. Harris' performance was the most praised aspect of the production and won her her second Tony.

"Although she is a slight young woman who instinctively avoids big gestures," wrote Atkinson in the Times, "she is endowed with the magic that brings a theater alive."

Following a revival of The Country Wife in 1957 and a brief run of a Joe Masteroff play called The Warm Peninsula, she scored another hit with the French farce A Shot in the Dark, which ran for a year. The June Havoc play Marathon '33 didn't last long in the 1963-64 season, but it netted Harris another Tony nomination.

Skyscraper, with a book by Peter Stone, and a score by James Van Heusen and Sammy Cahn, was a rare musical outing for Harris. It was a unusual stumble for the powerhouse producers Feuer and Martin, running less than a year, but, as usual, Harris was praised for her turn as a daydraming antiques dealer whose old building stands in the way of the construction of a new skyscaper. "Julie Harris moves Georgina as well as herself into a musical with commanding confidence," wrote the Times.

Though Harris was generally regarded as a dramatic actress, she had considerable success with comedy, not only A Shot in the Dark, but Forty Carats, a 1968 Jay Allen play (adapted from a French original) about an American divorcee who has a May-December romance with a 22-year-old man. Abe Burrow directed the piece, which won Harris another Tony and ran for two years.

The Last of Mrs. Lincoln, in 1972, marked a turn toward the stately and historical for Harris. The show did not run long, but it culled the actress praise and prizes, and from thereon in, she tended toward plays — sometimes written by William Luce — that shone a dual spotlight on her talent as an actress and the character of a historical figure. She commissioned playwrights to create solo evenings for her — about women such as Charlotte Bronte to Sonia Tolstoy — and then took them on the road.

Her final appearance on Broadway was a well-received 1997 revival of the gentle two-hander The Gin Game, in which she starred opposite Charles Durning. The two has previously played together in The au Pair Man at Lincoln Center in 1972.

Julie Harris
photo by Joseph Marzullo/WENN

Harris, however, seemed incapable of staying away from the theatre. She performed in the largely unremarkable family drama The Fiery Furnace at the Lucille Lortel Theatre in 1993, and also took on roles in regional production in Chicago and the Northeast, sometimes in tiny theatres in her adopted home of Cape Cod. She also voiced parts on various documentaries, including Ken Burns' "The Civil War."

During the 1980s, she largely stayed away from the theatre, occupied as she was with playing Lilimae Clements, the mother of Valene Ewing (played by Joan Van Ark) on the CBS nighttime soap opera "Knots Landing."

Other notable film roles included "Requiem for a Heavyweight," "The Haunting," "Harper," and "Gorillas in the Mist."

As praised as she often was, Harris was almost unremittingly modest about her achievements. "The Belle of Amherst was an extraordinary play for me, but I didn't feel I should win," the Tony Award, she told Playbill.com in 1999. "Or when I won for Forty Carats. I considered that a kind of a bright, funny, charming play but not remarkable. That I would win a Tony took me by surprise."

Harris was married three times, to lawyer Jay I. Julian, stage manager Manning Gurian and writer William Erwin Carroll. She had one son, Peter Alston Gurian.

Learn more about Harris' career on the PlaybillVault. 



Playbill Cover - The Gin Game The Gin Game
Apr. 20, 1997 - Aug. 31, 1997
Fonsia Dorsey Performer
Who's Who
Playbill Cover - The Glass Menagerie The Glass Menagerie
Nov. 15, 1994 - Jan. 1, 1995
The Mother (Amanda Wingfield) Performer
Playbill Cover - The 47th Annual Tony Awards - 1993 The 47th Annual Tony Awards - 1993
Jun. 6, 1993 - Jun. 6, 1993
Participating Artist Performer
Playbill Cover - Lucifer's Child Lucifer's Child
Apr. 4, 1991 - Apr. 27, 1991
Isak Dinesen, Baroness Karen Blixen Performer
Playbill Cover - The 39th Annual Tony Awards - 1985 The 39th Annual Tony Awards - 1985
Jun. 2, 1985 - Jun. 2, 1985
Participating Artist Performer
Playbill Cover - The 35th Annual Tony Awards - 1981 The 35th Annual Tony Awards - 1981
Jun. 7, 1981 - Jun. 7, 1981
Participating Artist Performer
Playbill Cover - Mixed Couples Mixed Couples
Dec. 28, 1980 - Jan. 3, 1981
Clarice Performer
Playbill Cover - Break a Leg Break a Leg
Apr. 29, 1979 - Apr. 29, 1979
Gertie Kessel Performer
Playbill Cover - The 32nd Annual Tony Awards - 1978 The 32nd Annual Tony Awards - 1978
Jun. 4, 1978 - Jun. 4, 1978
Participating Artist Performer
Playbill Cover - The Belle of Amherst The Belle of Amherst
Apr. 28, 1976 - Aug. 8, 1976
Jennie Hitchcock Performer
    Buffy Performer
    Lavinia Dickinson Performer
    Charles Wadsworth Performer
    Maggie Maher Performer
    Edward Dickinson Performer
    Mary Lyon Performer
    Emily Elizabeth Dickinson Performer
    Susan Gilbert Dickinson Performer
    Emily Norcross Dickinson Performer
    Abby Wood Performer
    Thomas Wentworth Higginson Performer
    James Francis Billings Performer
    Austin Dickinson Performer
    Uriah Crowell Performer
Playbill Cover - In Praise of Love In Praise of Love
Dec. 10, 1974 - May 31, 1975
Lydia Cruttwell Performer
Playbill Cover - The Au Pair Man The Au Pair Man
Dec. 27, 1973 - Jan. 27, 1974
Mrs. Rogers Performer
Playbill Cover - The Last of Mrs. Lincoln The Last of Mrs. Lincoln
Dec. 12, 1972 - Feb. 4, 1973
Mary Lincoln Performer
Playbill Cover - Voices Voices
Apr. 3, 1972 - Apr. 8, 1972
Claire Performer
Who's Who
Playbill Cover - And Miss Reardon Drinks a Little And Miss Reardon Drinks a Little
Feb. 25, 1971 - May 29, 1971
Anna Reardon Performer
Playbill Cover - Forty Carats Forty Carats
Dec. 26, 1968 - Nov. 7, 1970
Ann Stanley Performer
Playbill Cover - Skyscraper Skyscraper
Nov. 13, 1965 - Jun. 11, 1966
Georgina Performer
Playbill Cover - Ready When You Are, C.B.! Ready When You Are, C.B.!
Dec. 7, 1964 - Feb. 13, 1965
Annie Performer
Playbill Cover - Marathon '33 Marathon '33
Dec. 22, 1963 - Feb. 1, 1964
June Performer
Playbill Cover - A Shot in the Dark A Shot in the Dark
Oct. 18, 1961 - Sep. 22, 1962
Josefa Lantenay Performer
Playbill Cover - Little Moon of Alban Little Moon of Alban
Dec. 1, 1960 - Dec. 17, 1960
Brigid Mary Mangan Performer
Playbill Cover - The Warm Peninsula The Warm Peninsula
Oct. 20, 1959 - Jan. 2, 1960
Ruth Arnold Performer
Playbill Cover - The Country Wife The Country Wife
Nov. 27, 1957 - Jan. 4, 1958
Mrs. Margery Pinchwife Performer
Playbill Cover - The Lark The Lark
Nov. 17, 1955 - Jun. 2, 1956
Joan Performer
Playbill Cover - Mademoiselle Colombe Mademoiselle Colombe
Jan. 6, 1954 - Feb. 27, 1954
Colombe Performer
Playbill Cover - I Am a Camera I Am a Camera
Nov. 28, 1951 - Jul. 12, 1952
Sally Bowles Performer
Playbill Cover - The Member of the Wedding The Member of the Wedding
Jan. 5, 1950 - Mar. 17, 1951
Frankie Addams Performer
Playbill Cover - Montserrat Montserrat
Oct. 29, 1949 - Dec. 24, 1949
Felisa Performer
Playbill Cover - Magnolia Alley Magnolia Alley
Apr. 18, 1949 - Apr. 23, 1949
Angel Tuttle Performer
Playbill Cover - The Young and Fair The Young and Fair
Nov. 22, 1948 - Jan. 8, 1949
Nancy Gear Performer
Sundown Beach
Sep. 7, 1948 - Sep. 11, 1948
Ida Mae Performer
Playbill Cover - Macbeth Macbeth
Mar. 31, 1948 - Apr. 24, 1948
Witch Performer
Playbill Cover - Alice in Wonderland Alice in Wonderland
Apr. 5, 1947 - Jun. 28, 1947
White Rabbit Performer
Playbill Cover - The Playboy of the Western World The Playboy of the Western World
Oct. 26, 1946 - Jan. 4, 1947
Nelly Performer
Playbill Cover - Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex
May 20, 1946 - Jun. 22, 1946
Ensemble Performer
Playbill Cover - King Henry IV, Part II King Henry IV, Part II
May 7, 1946 - Jun. 22, 1946
Playbill Cover - It's a Gift It's a Gift
Mar. 12, 1945 - Apr. 21, 1945
    Atlanta Performer


Drama Desk Award

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
2005 Career Achievement Winner
1973 Outstanding Performance The Last of Mrs. Lincoln Winner

Outer Critics Circle

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
1991 Outstanding Actress in a Play Lucifer's Child Nominee
1973 Outstanding Actress in a Play The Last of Mrs. Lincoln Winner

Theatre World

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
1949 Theatre World Award Sundown Beach Winner

Tony Award

Year Category Production Winner/Nominee
2002 Lifetime Achievement Award Winner
1997 Actress in a Play The Gin Game Nominee
1991 Actress in a Play Lucifer's Child Nominee
1977 Actress in a Play The Belle of Amherst Winner
1974 Actress in a Play The Au Pair Man Nominee
1973 Actress in a Play The Last of Mrs. Lincoln Winner
1969 Actress in a Play Forty Carats Winner
1966 Actress in a Musical Skyscraper Nominee
1964 Actress in a Play Marathon '33 Nominee
1956 Actress in a Play The Lark Winner
1952 Actress in a Play I Am a Camera Winner
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